Within Ixodida, dermal glands associated with spiracles are apparently an exclusive feature of Ixodidae. The function of these glands is still unclear and morphological studies revealed differences between species. The structure of the gland in Ixodes ricinus was examined using electron microscopy. The results are compared with the findings in previously studied species and possible functions of the glands are discussed.
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Article editorial history
Date received: 2012-09-12 Date accepted: 2013-01-21 Date published: 2013-06-28